Exploring Traditional and Complementary Medicine Approaches for Fractured Bones: A Systematic Review

Traditional and Complementary Medicine for Fractured Bones


  • Naghmeh Yazdi Department of Persian Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran
  • Mehdi Salehi Traditional and Complementary Medicine Research Center (TCMRC), Department of Traditional Medicine, School of Medicine, Arak University of Medical Sciences, Arak, Iran
  • Fereshteh Ghorat Non-Communicable Diseases Research Center, Sabzevar University of Medical Sciences, Sabzevar, Iran
  • Mohammad Hashem Hashempur Research Center for Traditional Medicine and History of Medicine, Department of Persian Medicine, School of Medicine, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran


Bone Fracture; Traditional Medicine; Complementary Medicine; Traditional Persian Medicine; Systematic Review


Background: The objective of this review is to provide a comprehensive summary of published clinical studies that have examined the effects of different traditional and complementary medicine (TACM) interventions on patients with various types of bone fractures. Materials and Methods: A systematic search was conducted in major databases including Web of Science, PubMed, Cochrane library, and Scopus. The search encompassed studies published from the inception of these databases until October 20, 2023. The inclusion criteria encompassed original research papers that evaluated the outcomes of patients with any type of bone fracture who received TACM interventions. Results: Out of the initial 952 search results, a total of six papers met the eligibility criteria and were included in this review. Among these, four studies focused on biologically-based TACM interventions, primarily herbal formulations. The remaining two studies examined energy-based TACM, specifically auricular acupressure and electromagnetic intervention. Conclusion: The findings of this review suggest that the studied TACM modalities demonstrate promising efficacy and safety for patients with fractured bone. However, it is important to note that most of the included studies had limitations in terms of small sample sizes and short follow-up durations.


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Review Article